VR / AR: Pioneering Research Papers in 3D Virtual Environments
Posted on 2010-10-09 @ 00:27:13 by r00t
For a recent posting I wrote to a fellow member on the Arduino forums, I spent an hour or more tracking down a few historical papers on the technology of Virtual/Augmented Reality. My interest in these papers was mainly that of an amateur historical archivist; I had an idea that they existed, but in the past I wasn't able to successfully locate them. Either I became better at searching, or Google expanded its index; I greatly suspect the latter, actually...
Historically, many different methods and processes have been attempted to more fully immerse an individual viewer into an artificial "landscape"; in the late-19th and early-20th centuries, stereoscopes, Dioramas, and Cycloramas were popular entertainments. Later efforts included improved motion picture projection technologies for larger (and curved) screens, as well as various methods of projecting 3D images for the audience. It wouldn't be until 1957 that an inventor would come along to redefine the "immersive experience"; that inventor was Morton Heilig, who came up with an entertainment device called the SENSORAMA, intended for a single person to use (he also devised a similar system for audience viewing as well, called the Experience Theater). However, while one could argue that Morton Heilig is the "true father" of VR/AR, his devices were mainly designed for entertainment purposes only, and relied on motion picture technology. It would take a different person to explore the possibilities of computer-generated 3D environments: A man by the name of Ivan Sutherland. I wrote a little piece on his acheivements for a FAQ article here on phoenixgarage.org. The papers I have collected (download them from the list below) include:
- The Ultimate Display by Ivan E. Sutherland (1965)
- A Head-Mounted Three-Dimensional Display by Ivan E. Sutherland (1968)
- Twinkle Box - A three-dimensional computer input device by Robert P. Burton and Ivan E. Sutherland (1974)
Questions or Comments?
If you have any questions or comments about this article, please contact me...
|a_head_mounted_three_dimensional_display.pdf||A Head-Mounted Three-Dimensional Display by Ivan E. Sutherland (1968) - New||179.65 Kb|
|Suth1965.pdf||The Ultimate Display by Ivan E. Sutherland (1965)||27.97 Kb|
|sutherland-headmount.pdf||A Head-Mounted Three-Dimensional Display by Ivan E. Sutherland (1968) - Original||8716.09 Kb|
|twinkle_box.pdf||Twinkle Box - A three-dimensional computer input device by Robert P. Burton and Ivan E. Sutherland (1974)||729.76 Kb|